What is a Designation of Origin?

The name of a country, a region or a specific location is used to designate a product that originates there and that possesses qualities or characteristics attributable to that point of origin, be they because of natural factors such as climate or terrain, or because of the human factors that are unique to the manufacturing of the product.

How long does it take to complete the registration process?

It can take anywhere from two to four years, contingent upon several factors to fulfill the requirements (soil assessments, validating reputation, etc.).

What kinds of products can register a Designation of Origin?

Wines, spirits and agricultural products (such as ham, cheese, oil, fruit, vegetables, fresh chicken, beef or pork) can be registered, as well as non-food items such as textiles and handicrafts.

How many Designations of Origin are registered to Guatemala?

To date, Guatemala registered three: Ron de Guatemala, Café de Antigua and Café de Acatenango.

What are the benefits of registering a Designation of Origin?

  • Provides the consumer with quality assurances;
  • Enhances the reputation of registered products;
  • Becomes a driver of economic development in a country by generating direct or indirect employment, and
  • Protects against all types of poor business practices (including usurping, imitating or evoking a product) while also protecting against any intent to mislead or confuse the consumer about the actual origin.

What is the difference between a Designation of Origin and a Geographical Indication?

  • A Designation of Origin indicates that the production, transformation and manufacturing all take place within a given geographical location. The Geographical Indication does not require that every phase of production take place in the same geographical area.

Regarding intellectual property, does a Designation of Origin imply more than a registered trademark or collective brand?

  • Because it refers specifically to the geographic origin and manufacturing processes of a product, a Designation of Origin confers greater legal protection than that of a trademark.